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Varroa Sensitive Hygiene (VSH)
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  • Varroa Sensitive Hygiene VSH aka SMR

    Danka Robert, Harris Jeffrey, Villa,Jose (2010) Hygienic responses to Varroa destructor by commercial and feral honey bees from the Big Island of Hawaii before exposure to mites.

    Harris Jeffrey, Danka Robert, Villa Jose (2010) Honey Bees with the Trait of Varroa Sensitive Hygiene Remove Brood with All Reproductive Stages of Varroa Mites

    Rinderer Thomas, Harris Jeffrey,Hunt Gregory, de Guzman Lilia (2010) Breeding for resistance to Varroa destructor in North America.

    Villa J, Danka R, Harris J (2009) Simplified methods of evaluating colonies for levels of Varroa Sensitive Hygiene (VSH)

    Danka R, Harris J (2009) Status of bees with the trait of varroa sensitive hygiene (VSH) for varroa resistance

    Harbo J, Harris J (2009) Responses to Varroa by honey bees with different levels of Varroa Sensitive Hygiene

    Ward K, Danka R, Ward R (2008) Comparative Performance of Two Mite-Resistant Stocks of Honeybees in Alabama Beekeeping Operations

    Harris J ( 2008) Effects of brood type on Varroa-sensitive hygiene (VSH) by worker honey bees

    Harris, J.W. (2007) Bees with Varroa Sensitive Hygiene preferentially remove mite infested pupae aged less than or equal to five days post capping.


    Harbo J, Harris J (2005) The Number of Genes Involved in the Smr Trait

    Harbo J, Harris J (2005) Suppressed Mite Reproduction Explained by the Behavior of Adult Bees. Journal of Apicultural Research 44 : 21-23

    Harris, J.W., Harbo, J.R. 2005. The SMR Trait Explained by Hygienic Behavior of Adult Bees. American Bee Journal 145(5):430-431

    Ibrahim, A. and Spivak, M. The Relationship of Between Suppression of Mite Reproduction (SMR) and Hygienic Behavior, American Bee Journal, May 2004

    Harris J, Harbo J (2004) Selective breeding for honey bees with a low percentage of Varroa mites in capped brood. American Bee Journal 144: 405

    Harbo J, Harris J (2003) An Evaluation of Commercially produced Queens that have the SMR Trait. American Bee Journal, March 2003

    Harbo J, Harris J (2002) SMR Queens : an Update. Bee Culture May 2002

    Harris J, Harbo J (2001) Natural and Suppressed Reproduction of Varroa. Bee Culture May 2001 129 : 34-38

    Harbo J, Harris J (2001) Resistance to Varroa destructor when mite-resistant queen honey bees were free-mated with unselected drones. Journal of Economic Entomology 94: 1319-1323

    Harbo J, Harris J (2001) Suppression of mite reproduction: a characteristic of honey bees that produces resistance to Varroa destructor. American Bee Journal December 2001

    Harris J, Harbo J (2000) Changes in reproduction of Varroa destructor after honey bee queens were exchanged between resistant and susceptible colonies. Apidologie 31: 689-699

    Harbo, J.R., Harris, J.W. 2000. Using Free-mated Queens to Introduce Genes for Varroa Resistance into a Population of Honey Bees. American Bee Journal. 140(11):904-905.

    Harbo J, Harris J (1999) Heritability in honey bees of characteristics associated with resistance to Varroa jacobsoni. Journal of Economic Entomology 92 (2) : 261-265

    Harris J, Harbo J (1999) Low sperm counts and reduced fecundity of mites in colonies of honey bees resistant to Varroa jacobsoni. Journal of Economic Entomology 92(1) :83-90

    Harbo J, Harris J (1999) Selecting honey bees for resistance to Varroa jacobsoni. Apidologie 30 :183-196

    Harbo J, Harris J (1999) Resistance to Varroa destructor when mite-resistant queen honey bees were free mated with unselected drones.

    Harbo J, Harris J (1998) Selecting honey bees for suppression of the reproduction of Varroa jacobsoni. American Bee Journal 138 : 295-296

    Harbo J, Hoopingarner R (1997) Honey bees in the United States that express resistance to Varroa jacobsoni. Journal of Economic Entomology 90 : 893-898

    Camazine S (1986) Differential reproduction of the mite, Varroa jacobsoni, on Africanized and European honey bees. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 79 : 801-803



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